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Knitting Abbreviations

Knitting and Crochet Abbreviations List

 Abbreviation  Description  Video Examples
 ( )  work instructions within parentheses in the place directed  
 [ ]  work instructions within brackets as many times as directed  
 *  repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed  
 * *  repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed  
 approx, app  approximately  
 bpdc  back post double crochet; Make a double crochet on the back of the post  
 beg  begin/beginning  
 bet  between  
 btwn  between  
 bo  bind off  Bind Off
 CA  color A  
 CB  color B  
 CC  contrasting color  
 ch-space  the space where a ch was made previously in a row  
 cm  centimeter(s)  
 cn  cable needle  
 co  cast on  Two Strand Cast On
Knitted Cast On
Left Hand Knitted Cast On
 cont  continue  
 dec  decrease  
 dbl  double  
 dpn  double pointed needle(s)  
 est  established; often referring to repetitive patterns with an established number of stitches  
 ext  extension  
 fl  front loop(s)  
 foll  follow or follows or following  
 fpdc  front post double crochet  
 fpsc  front post single crochet  
 fptr  front post triple crochet  
 g  gram  
 inc  increase or increases or increasing  
 k or K  knit  Knit Stitch
Knit Left Handed
 k1b  knit through back loop; same as kbl  
 k2tog  knit 2 stitches together  
 k2togb  knit 2 together through back loops  
 k3tog  knit 3 stitches together  
 k3togb  knit 3 stitches together through the back loop  
 kbl  knit through back loop; same as k1b  
 kwise  knitwise, knit-wise  
 LH  left hand  
 LHN, lhn  Left hand needle  
 lp(s)  loop(s)  
 m  meter(s)  
 M1  make one stitch  
 M1 p-st  make one purl stitch  
 M2  make 2  
 MC  main color  
 meas  measures  
 mm  millimeter(s)  
 ndls  needles  
 opp  opposite  
 oz  ounce(s)  
 p  purl  Purl Stitch
 Purl Stitch Left Handed
 p1b  purl 1 through the back loop  
 p2sso  pass 2 slipped stitches over knitted stitch  
 p2tog  purl 2 stitches together  
 p2togb  purl 2 together through back loops  
 p3tog  purl 3 together  
 pat  pattern  
 pm  place marker  
 pop  popcorn  
 psso  pass slipped stitch over  
 pwise  purlwise, purl-wise  
 rem  remain/remaining  
 rep  repeat(s)  
 rev St st  reverse stockinette stitch  
 rf  right front  
 RH, rh  right hand  
 RHN, rhn  Right hand needle  
 rnd(s)  round(s)  
 RS, rs  right side  
 rsc  reverse single crochet  
 sc2tog  single crochet 2 together  
 sc3tog  single crochet 3 together  
 sk  skip  
 sk2p  slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together;
2 stitches have been decreased
 
 skp  slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch - one stitch decrease  
 sl  slip  
 sl st  slip stitch(es)  
 sl1k  slip 1 knitwise  
 slip1-k1-psso  same as skp: slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch - one stitch decrease  
 sl1-k1-psso  same as skp: slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch - one stitch decrease  
 sl1p  slip 1 purlwise  
 ss  slip stitch (Canadian)  
 sm  slip marker  
 sp, sps  space, spaces  
 sq, sqs  square, squares  
 ssk  slip, slip, then knit 2 those stitches together  
 sssk  slip, slip, slip, knit those 3 stitches together  
 St st  stockinette stitch/stocking stitch  
 st(s)  stitch(es)  
 tbl  through back loop  
 tog  together  
 wl.fwd.  wool forward (same as yarn forward)  
 WS, ws  wrong side  
 wyib  with yarn in back  
 wyif  with yarn in front  
 yd(s)  yard(s)  
 yfwd  yarn forward  
 yo  yarn over
 Yarn Over
 Yarn Over Left Handed

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